Though glaucoma is a common eye condition, many of us don't have enough knowledge about it. Although glaucoma is known as "the silent thief of sight, "glaucoma affects nearly 700,000 people in the UK. And around 50% of cases remain undiagnosed due to a lack of sufficient information about it. Glaucoma occurs when the optic nerve responsible for your vision gets damaged due to increased intraocular pressure.
Glaucoma, if left untreated, may cause vision loss or permanent blindness, which isn't reversible. So it's pretty necessary to diagnose glaucoma and get it treated on time. Though glaucoma can't be treated completely, eye drop is one of the effective ways to control glaucoma.
So to prevent your sight from getting permanently damaged, know some essential facts about glaucoma instead of avoiding it. Following are some little known facts about glaucoma which you should know to avoid its progression:
It May Be Symptomless
Glaucoma is mainly of the following two types:
Open-Angle Glaucoma- It is of the most common type and occurs when the drainage channel looks fine, but still the retained fluid can't drain properly.
Angle Closure Glaucoma-In this, the fluid can't flow out of the eyes because the drainage channel between the iris and cornea becomes too narrow than usual.
Open-angle glaucoma doesn't show any identifiable symptoms at the very beginning. However, symptoms of angle-closure glaucoma occur at an early stage and very fast. Some of its common symptoms are:
Loss of vision
Halos around the light
Redness in the eyes
Pain in the eyes
Also, some people with 20/20 vision may have glaucoma, but they didn't realize it as it doesn't show any identifiable symptoms. At an early stage, people overlook glaucoma until it progresses to an advanced stage. Doctors often prescribe Careprost to reduce the symptoms of glaucoma.
Glaucoma Can Lead To Blindness
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness after cataracts. Though glaucoma, in the beginning, can't lead to blindness, people ignore it due to a lack of identifiable symptoms that make the condition worse, which then lead to blindness. The fluid produced by the eyes usually flushes out of the drainage channels between the iris and cornea of the eyes. If these channels get blocked, then the fluid gets retained in the eyes, which lead to increased pressure inside the eyes. This build-up pressure damages the optic nerve, which is responsible for our vision, thus causing blurred vision and if left untreated at an early stage, may lead to permanent blindness.
To prevent further damage to your eyes, get your glaucoma treated on time. Early treatment with medication like careprost will help stabilize the condition and prevent it from further getting worse.
Glaucoma Can't Be Cured
Though glaucoma can't be reversed and cured completely, getting it diagnosed and seeking proper treatment on time will preserve your vision to some extent. You can still live everyday life with glaucoma with the help of medications like careprost eye drop, oral pills, and surgery.
Careprost is a leading prescribed medication used to control glaucoma. Careprost is a prostaglandin analog that helps in reducing intraocular pressure by stimulating the outflow of the retained fluid from inside the eyes. This, in turn helps in preventing your eyes from getting further damaged. Besides careprost, oral pills like carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and beta-blockers are available. These oral pills help in protecting your sight by reducing the production of the aqueous humor fluid inside your eyes or by unblocking clogged drainage channels.
Glaucoma Can Affect Anyone
Eye issues are often linked with your age. It is assumed that only aged people encounter eye-related issues like glaucoma. But it's not true; even infants can get glaucoma. And also, some people are more prone to glaucoma than others, like American Africans are more susceptible to glaucoma. People having a family history of glaucoma are also more likely to get glaucoma than others.
Apart from this, diabetes, thin cornea at the center, high blood pressure, myopia, eye surgery or injury, intake of corticosteroids, and farsightedness are some of the potential risk factors of glaucoma. Therefore, doctors mostly start the treatment of glaucoma with eye drops like careprost.
Glaucoma Diagnosis Is Not Time Consuming And Is Painless
Tests carried out to diagnose glaucoma are quick and painless. In most cases, glaucoma can be detected during a routine eye checkup. But it is not self-diagnosable as it doesn't show any noticeable symptoms in the very beginning. These tests are not uncomfortable or don't hurt your eyes. Also, these tests are not time-consuming, and it takes only around 15 minutes to complete the testing.
The testing generally involves checking the eye pressure and visual field just by looking at the appearance of the eye's main nerve. After getting diagnosed with glaucoma, start its treatment as soon as possible to prevent any further complications. Your doctor may suggest careprost eye drop control of your glaucoma.
Your Diet May Also Lead To Glaucoma
What food you eat not only affects you physically, mentally, and sexually but also has a significant impact on your eyes health. Some food items may directly or indirectly cause damage to your optic nerve and increase the intraocular pressure, thus leading to vision loss. In addition, unsaturated and trans fats get deposited on the blood vessels and arteries that supply blood to your body organs. This can restrict the blood supply to your eyes, causing damage to the optic nerve leading to blurred vision.
Also, saturated fats may lead to increased body weight which in turn raises (Body mass index). A high BMI is known to cause increased intraocular pressure, which can damage the optic nerve and cause vision loss. Apart from fats, caffeinated drinks are also found to be associated with increased intraocular pressure so avoid having them. Careprost is often recommended by doctors to reduce intraocular pressure.